Sonar, short for Sound Navigation and Ranging, is helpful for exploring and mapping the ocean because sound waves travel farther in the water than do radar and light waves. NOAA scientists primarily use sonar to develop nautical charts, find underwater hazards to navigation, search for and map objects on the seafloor such as shipwrecks, and map the seafloor itself. There are two types of sonar—active and passive.
APR Updated August 04, 2017
TEHRAN: Iran said on Thursday that new US sanctions were a violation of its nuclear deal with world powers, piling pressure on President Hassan Rouhani as he starts his second term.
Rouhani vowed to keep up his efforts to end Iran’s isolation as he was sworn in by the Islamic republic’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei following his re-election in May.
But the ceremony came less than 24 hours after US President Donald Trump confirmed fresh sanctions against Iran.
Tehran says the new measures violate its 2015 deal with world powers that eased sanctions in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program, an agreement which Trump has repeatedly threatened to tear up.
“We believe that the nuclear deal has been violated and we will react appropriately,” deputy foreign minister Abbas Araghchi said on state television. “We will certainly not fall into the trap of US policy and Trump, and our reaction will be very carefully considered.”
“We will never accept isolation,” Rouhani said as he was sworn in in front of top political and military officials. “The nuclear deal is a sign of Iran’s goodwill on the international stage.”
Khamenei took a tougher line, saying Iran must not fall for Washington’s “tricks”. “The enemy’s hostility has made us more resistant,” the supreme leader said.
Iranian officials say they have prepared a 16-point document for how they will respond to the new sanctions, without giving details.
The new parliament will also vote on a bill boosting financial support to the Revolutionary Guards and the country’s missile program, which is targeted by the sanctions.
Ellie Geranmayeh, an Iran analyst with the European Council on Foreign Relations. “What will be absolutely critical is how the Europeans position themselves,” she said.
Britain, France, and Germany — who signed the deal alongside Russia, China, and the United States — remain firm backers of the agreement and are eagerly seeking to rebuild trade ties with Iran despite logistical problems caused by US sanctions.
French energy giant Total defied US pressure in July by signing a multi-billion-dollar gas deal with Iran.
“What Iranians are banking on at the moment, maybe overestimating, is that Europe will safeguard and build on the deal, and make it too politically costly for Trump to tear it up, or at least show Washington that if it walks away, it will be doing so alone,” said Geranmayeh.
But the Europeans do oppose Iran’s recent missile tests, with the French foreign ministry stating on Thursday that they “contradict” UN Resolution 2231 which oversees the nuclear deal, and “constitute a potential threat to stability and security in the region”. Everyone agrees that Iran has stuck to its central commitments regarding its nuclear program — including, reluctantly, the Trump administration.
But with Iran gaining the upper hand across the Middle East, through support for proxies in Syria, Lebanon,
and Iraq, US lawmakers appear determined to ratchet up tensions.
Published in Dawn, August 4th, 2017
Please understand and be thankful of being born on Planet Earth. Earth is the perfection of pure balance, no matter what happens in the future. Know this fact. The investment that the “whoever designed” Earth had a brilliant future in mind for humans.
Allow the word pictures of this song inspire you to love. I was thinking today. The secret to enduring obedience to the laws of each nation is “Love Your Nation” If you love your Nation you will respect your own laws. And, laws that need to be changed love will help you decide if these laws are necessary.
You desire to see your Nation improve, improve yourself through prayer and reading Holy Writings.
In the hydraulic analogy, current flowing through a wire (or resistor) is like water flowing through a pipe, and the voltage drop across the wire is like the pressure drop that pushes water through the pipe. Conductance is proportional to how much flow occurs for a given pressure, and resistance is proportional to how much pressure is required to achieve a given flow. (Conductance and resistance are reciprocals.)
The voltage drop (i.e., difference between voltages on one side of the resistor and the other), not the voltage itself, provides the driving force pushing current through a resistor. In hydraulics, it is similar: The pressure difference between two sides of a pipe, not the pressure itself, determines the flow through it. For example, there may be a large water pressure above the pipe, which tries to push water down through the pipe. But there may be an equally large water pressure below the pipe, which tries to push water back up through the pipe. If these pressures are equal, no water flows. (In the image at right, the water pressure below the pipe is zero.)
The resistance and conductance of a wire, resistor, or other element is mostly determined by two properties:
geometry (shape), and material
Geometry is important because it is more difficult to push water through a long, narrow pipe than a wide, short pipe. In the same way, a long, thin copper wire has higher resistance (lower conductance) than a short, thick copper wire.
Materials are important as well. A pipe filled with hair restricts the flow of water more than a clean pipe of the same shape and size. Similarly, electrons can flow freely and easily through a copper wire, but cannot flow as easily through a steel wire of the same shape and size, and they essentially cannot flow at all through an insulator like rubber, regardless of its shape. The difference between copper, steel, and rubber is related to their microscopic structure and electron configuration, and is quantified by a property called resistivity.
In addition to geometry and material, there are various other factors that influence resistance and conductance, such as temperature; see below.
Does this sound similar to what happens to a human when they try to live their way of life on earth without channeling the energy of the Universe?
The Bible was written in verse so it would not be changed.
A poem cannot be changed without changing its meaning. Even if one word is replaced with another, it will not mean the same. Of course, I’m talking of masterfully written verse, such as we find in the Scriptures.
Therefore, when you have a translation of the Old Testament Scriptures from the Ancient Aramaic (or Ancient Hebrew), the poetic structure is going to be lost, because the translators will attempt to capture the meaning and not reproduce the rhyme or the meter of the poetry. Such is the case with the Greek and Latin translations; they have not retained the poetic structure of the verses.
But why were the Scriptures recorded in verse if they were to be translated and used by all nations and tongues? I believe they were recorded in verse so as to preserve the exact meanings of the doctrines and oracles recorded by the inspired writers.
The Western translators say that the Old Testament Scriptures were recorded in verse — that’s why we quote chapter and verse — and that they were written in Hebrew; but why do they say that the New Testament was originated in Greek? Don’t they know that the New Testament is also written in verse? Well, if they knew that, why isn’t the Greek New Testament written in verse? As it stands, the Greek and Latin New Testaments are not in verse; their texts have no rhyme or meter like the Ancient Aramaic does!
For example, the Gospel of John, in its entirety, is one poem. It is a beautifully written poem. How can it be said that the New Testament was not originated in the Ancient Aramaic language when it is all in verse? The Lord Himself quoted the Book of Isaiah and Jeremiah, and they are both complete poems from the first word to the last. The Lord Himself delivered all His teachings in perfect verse. His words are preserved in verse only in the Ancient Aramaic. How can the Western Churches claim that the New Testament was originated in Greek?
Are they going to deny that the New Testament was written in verse? Are they going to say that the word “verse” implies only that the text is divided into sentences, which are simply numbered for easy reference? Then why does the Ancient Aramaic all rhyme and have meter?
No, in fact, all the Scriptures were originated in the Ancient Aramaic language, and that was by design, so that later generations and all the nations of the world would never be able to alter a single word of truth.
To prove this, I have made this video commentary on the Gospel of John, using verses 6 through 14 of the Gospel of John.